For years I have known that Zwetschge is difficult to translate into English. The standard exemplar is sweet and can be eaten raw. It is commonly translated as damson because of its small size. But a damson is small and sour, and makes good jam. I suppose the best English translation is zwetsche (the G got lost, but it just indicates a diminutive). One also encounters damson plum, but I don't know if that helps. And some people even throw the term prune into the mix.
But it seems I failed to define Zwetschge properly. I was thinking of taking some back to England for the neighbours, but I gradually realized that what I was seeing in the market as Zwetschgen were what I would call plums.
Yesterday at the market, at an organic veg stall with two types of Zwetschge, I was told that in everyday German, Pflaumen are round and Zwetschgen are oval!
Now I know that Californian plums are round, but Victoria plums are longish. But this is rubbish.
So no Zwetschgen for my neighbours in England. They would wonder why I was bringing plums all that way.
To be fair, I was told there are masses of different Zwetschgen.
Curiously, the Wikipedia entry for Pflaume does not link to plum, but to Prunus domestica. Perhaps that's why Frau Albrecht was selling both Zwetschgen and Hauszwetschgen.
P. domestica ssp. domestica – common plums, zwetschge (including ssp. oeconomica)
P. domestica ssp. insititia – damsons and bullaces, krieche, kroosjes, perdrigon and other European varieties
P. domestica ssp. intermedia – egg plums (including Victoria plum)
P. domestica ssp. italica – gages (greengages, round plums etc.; including sspp. claudiana and rotunda)
P. domestica ssp. pomariorum – spilling
P. domestica ssp. prisca – zibarte
P. domestica ssp. syriaca – mirabelle plums
Zwetschge (Prunus domestica subsp. domestica)
Kriechen-Pflaume oder Hafer-Pflaume (Prunus domestica subsp. insititia)
Halbzwetsche (Prunus domestica subsp. intermedia)
Edel-Pflaume (Prunus domestica subsp. italica)
Spilling (Prunus domestica subsp. pomariorum)
Ziparte (Prunus domestica subsp. prisca)
Mirabelle (Prunus domestica subsp. syriaca)
In other news, I encountered the Roter Weinbergpfirsich.
It was sold as a Blutpfirsich.
Up to then I thought Weinbergpfirsich (vineyard peach) just referred to those flat peaches that have become so fashionable (Plattpfirsiche). But I was told that was not so - the term properly (if such a thing exists in fruit terminology) refers to old garden peaches that have furry skins and don't keep well. I got some yellow ones too, but I have now eaten them, and I've converted the red ones into compote.