Herlinde Koelbl: photos of Angela Merkel over the years.
There is also Pantone Merkel by Noortje van Eekelen:
See also Andreas Gursky’s painting of the four chancellors.
Why do US American sources refer to the Oxford comma (also known as the serial comma)? My old copy of the Chicago Style Manual doesn’t call it that. It’s the standard thing in the USA. In the UK, the Oxford University Press famously differs from the many in permitting -ize as well as -ise (subject of another rant since someone in the EU has decided it must always be -ise) and in supporting the use of the serial comma.
Court cases about punctuation are always fun. The latest one was in the USA and concerns the following text:
(Overtime rules do not apply to:)
The canning, processing, preserving, freezing, drying, marketing, storing, packing for shipment or distribution of:
(1) Agricultural produce;
(2) Meat and fish products; and
(3) Perishable foods.
Should it be packing for shipment or distribution, or packing for shipment, or distribution? that is, does it refer to distribution, or just to two kinds of packing?
The New York Times reports:
Lack of Oxford Comma Could Cost Maine Company Millions in Overtime Dispute
It refers to the Maine Legislative Drafting Manual, which says this about commas:
Commas are probably the most misused and misunderstood punctuation marks in legal
drafting and, perhaps, the English language. Use them thoughtfully and sparingly.
A. Series. Although authorities on punctuation may differ, when drafting Maine law or rules, don’t use a comma between the penultimate and the last item of a series.
Do not write:
Trailers, semitrailers, and pole trailers
Write: Trailers, semitrailers and pole trailers
The Maine Legislative Drafting Manual does not call it the Oxford comma. What British person has been influencing the US media this week?
On January 28, 2008, Michael Hogan of Vanity Fair interviewed Ezra Koenig regarding the title of the song and its relevance to the song’s meaning. Koenig said he first encountered the Oxford comma (a comma used before the conjunction at the end of a list) after learning of a Columbia University Facebook group called Students for the Preservation of the Oxford Comma. The idea for the song came several months later while Koenig was sitting at a piano in his parents’ house. He began “writing the song and the first thing that came out was ‘Who gives a fuck about an Oxford comma?'” He stated that the song “is more about not giving a fuck than about Oxford commas.”
It looks to me, but what do I know, as if the term was taken up because it seemed weird. Lynne says (on Twitter) that the Chicago Manual would not call it the Oxford comma because OUP is a rival publisher. I’m not now going to research how long the term has been used in the USA because it is very low on my list of things to do.
LATER STILL NOTE:
I see I actually posted about this song in 2010.
This is a Caucasian wingnut tree in the square above Smithfield Car Park, taken in July 2015.
The urban dictionary lists six other meanings. This explains why I did not understand a tweet referring to ‘American wingnut welfare’ today.
Time for another local photo. This has been keeping Russian nuclear submarines away since 1944, touch wood. Even its predecessor only suffered from friendly fire. I suppose there is a difference between Pig’s Bay and the Bay of Pigs.